Mood swings are a phenomenon that every human subject sometimes suffers from. However, if emotions interfere with life, interfering with a normal existence, then specialized assistance is needed. In medical science, sharp mood swings are called an affective disorder, the first sign of which is considered to be a frequent mood change. A person suffering from the described deviation, for an insignificant period of time, can transfer the whole gamut of sensations from boundless happiness to comprehensive hatred. The main symptoms of this disorder can be considered the inadequacy and unpredictability of a behavioral response, sudden onset of causeless attacks of aggressiveness, suspicion, impaired concentration.
Causes of mood swings
The deviation in question may indicate a mental disorder. In psychiatric science, frequent mood swings are considered a sign of affective instability, which is often a specific sign of mental disorder, such as:
- hysterical disorder, manifested by superficial knowledge and excessive theatricality of emotions;
- mixed states of mood disturbance (lasting up to a week), characterized by the simultaneous presence of depressive manifestations and manic signs;
- cyclotymic disorder, which is a chronic pathology lasting 2 years, in which there is a fairly rapid switch from one mood to another;
- bipolar disorders, depressive moods, which are found in a sudden alternation of manic states (an excessively elevated level of mood) and depressive (an excessively low mood tone);
- the borderline state due to the inability to build stable, adequate and long-term relationships with society.
The causes of sharp mood swings are divided into biological factors, psychological and environmental. The first is due to a change in the numbers of neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine), which are a regulator of mood.
The efficiency of neurotransmitters is impaired when there is a degenerative pathology of an organic nature (multiple sclerosis), hormonal imbalance (diabetes mellitus), due to prolonged or excessive intake of psychoactive substances, for example, alcohol-containing drinks or drugs, when using drugs that directly affect the functioning of neurotransmitters or hormonal exchange (taking birth control pills). In addition, this deviation can occur during pregnancy or menopause. Also, the puberty and menstrual cycle affect the malfunction of neurotransmitters.
Psychological causes are intertwined with biological abnormalities. An abrupt mood swings can be caused by anxiety disorder, stressors, nervousness or fatigue caused by certain circumstances (for example, the need to take an exam), or a collision with a traumatic situation. Environmental factors include meteorological sensitivity, dependence on climatic conditions. Many people are exposed to mood changes triggered by environmental factors such as humidity, temperature, pressure, cloudiness, and rainy weather.
Mood swings in women
Often the concept under consideration is used incorrectly. Many ladies are convinced that they are tormented by sharp alternations of mood, but in reality they simply take the usual change of emotions for rejection. The change of emotional manifestations is often only an adequate response to the events that occur. A woman can quickly become angry or cry for no apparent reason. This can only indicate her specific character trait, but not mean that she suffers from mood swings.
It is worth talking about the presence of the described deviation when the transition from fun to sadness occurs instantly in the absence of adequate reasons. More often, the mood drop has a negative orientation. The symptomatology of this violation is rather scarce and pronounced. First of all, there is a rapid change of mood, which often happens for no apparent reason. Also, appetite is often disturbed. There may be aversion to previously beloved dishes or an increase in appetite, constantly tormenting drowsiness, or difficulty with falling asleep. A woman becomes irritable, nervous. She is unreasonably sad.
The reasons for the described condition, first of all, can be hormonal imbalance caused by menopause, pregnancy, lactation or rearrangement of the body at the puberty stage, the use of oral contraceptives, excessive stress level, constant exposure to stressors, physical inactivity. Also, the absence of a regular and high-quality intimate life, bad habits can provoke frequent mood swings.
In addition, the daughters of Eve are often forced to combine care for family members with professional self-realization , home maintenance, and child care. This often becomes a provoking factor, generating depressive moods and stresses, which are the trigger for a sharp change in emotional response. Also, mood swings can be a sign of serious ailments, for example, anxiety or bipolar disorder .
In the latter case, a change of emotions occurs suddenly, but there is always a trigger, that is, a circumstance or phenomenon that provokes a change in mood. Such a trigger can be constant lack of sleep, frequent flights to different time zones or climatic zones. Individuals suffering from this particular type of deviation note that the alternation of emotional moods occurs only on specific days. Therefore, in order to identify the trigger, it is recommended to record the events preceding the change of emotions.
It is quite difficult to control emotions consciously, as they are often irrational. Therefore, women are advised not to set a goal to suppress emotions during the period of differences. They should simply reduce their own response to sudden changes in mood. It is necessary to try to note the moments of the change of emotions and stop performing the actions that were performed during the differential period. You should also analyze what became the trigger for the alternation of emotions. It is recommended that you give yourself at least a couple of minutes of respite when the described condition occurs. Therefore, you need to put aside all things, relax and think.
You can also fake emotions. With a decline in mood, you should try to improve emotions without suppressing their expression. In other words, you can play with your own person in a kind of game. For example, with anger, you should not try to contain the negative, but create the impression that everything is fine. You can’t forbid yourself to be angry or feel sad. Suppressing the so-called "inappropriate" emotions will only cause stress, which will provoke mood swings. Suppressing the manifestations of emotions, the individual drives himself into a vicious circle. Freedom should be given to internal negativity at the same time, demonstrating externally positive.
In addition, if the above symptoms occur, it is recommended that you change your lifestyle. Diet, following a rational daily routine, proper nutrition are the key to emotional balance. It is also necessary to try to avoid stressful conditions, to devote time to a healthy rest and gymnastics. So, for example, swimming, walking, dancing will help to improve emotional stability. Refusal of bad habits and the use of alcohol-containing drinks also plays an important role.
Men mood swings
Studies show that, despite all the external emotional stability and fortitude, the sons of Adam are also prone to mood swings and depressive moods. At the same time, the weak half for some reason is convinced that a man is a flint that defies irritants from the outside. This is one of the most important mistakes of beautiful femins. In a strong half, the mood can sharply slide down due to an insignificant event, to which a woman will not attach importance. Daughters of Eve forget that their halves have to solve many problems daily, plan the future, take care of the welfare of the family, and also pay attention to the chosen ones and listen to their reproaches. In the field of professional self-realization, men face many obstacles and surprises. Therefore, when they come home, they expect support, comfort, care and tranquility, but they do not always receive it. In addition, family troubles can negatively affect professional activities, which creates new problems, but at work. All these are the sons of Adam trying to experience inside, because they have been taught almost from infancy to restrain their emotional manifestations.
Family problems, children's illnesses, lack of time, health problems, car breakdown - all this provokes the occurrence of mood swings. Also, a forty-year-old age crisis can cause fluctuations in emotional manifestations in men. Upon reaching the forty-year milestone, men often feel dissatisfaction with existing reality, anxiety, lethargy. It seems to them that they did not have much time, while they got on their feet, raised children, and realized themselves in the profession. The present ceases to suit them. They need to gain some confidence and assert themselves. Therefore, it is at this stage that men so often leave their families or change jobs.
Dissatisfaction generates mood swings, as well as nervous breakdowns, which can lead them into a drunken state. Here, a lot begins to depend on the wisdom of the partner. The sons of Adam, at the turn of their fortunes, have never before needed the support of a life partner. Unfortunately, most femins are not aware of this and begin to "cut" the spouses, which further exacerbates the condition of men. Frequent causes of this deviation are low testosterone levels or weather events.
How to deal with mood swings?
Before getting rid of mood swings, it is necessary to determine the etiological factor that generated this condition. First of all, it is recommended to delve into your own feelings and feelings. You need to understand what causes a surge in positive emotions, and what causes sadness. For example, there may be a strong attachment of an emotional nature to a particular individual and any confrontation with him, attitude or actions that differ from the expected actions lead to a decline in mood. Simply put, such emotional servitude from another individual can control the mood of the addicted. This is more often characteristic of lovers, when all feelings are sharpened to an extreme. Any word of a beloved can plunge into the abyss of sadness or bring to the peak of joy.
In addition to emotional subordination to a loved one, mood swings can also determine the attitude of the boss, the opinions of colleagues, professional achievements, or failure. For example, praise, material incentives, and gratitude seem to inspire a person and he is ready for new achievements and victories. But the slightest failure, censure, reproach, notation can permanently unsettle such a subject.
Also, a sharp change in emotional response is affected by the abuse of alcohol-containing drinks, dependence on tobacco, the Internet, and gambling . The individual himself may not notice that his mood sharply declines when it is impossible to immediately satisfy his own passion or need, and when he receives the desired emotions, they acquire a positive color.
So, how to get rid of mood swings? In the first turn, it is recommended to calm down. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to add teas from plant herbs, for example, mint, to the daily diet. You can also balance your own condition by using tincture of motherwort, taking Valerian officinalis or glycine. At the same time, it should be understood that the therapeutic effect will not come quickly, because the herbs do not have an instant effect, but give a more lasting effect.
If mood swings gave rise to hormonal failure, then correction of hormone levels is necessary. To do this, you should contact an endocrinologist who will prescribe laboratory tests, and on the basis of these analyzes will prescribe a course of hormone therapy.
To normalize the emotional response, you need to revise your life schedule. It should include daily walks, a good rest. If 60% of the time is occupied by labor activity and thoughts about work, then a person will never be able to get rid of sudden changes in mood and feel completely happy. Daily exercise helps to even out face tone, increase mood and improve health.
You can highlight another effective way to harmonize emotions - to change something in their own existence. Women can change their image, and then life will sparkle with a variety of colors. The change of professional activity, place of residence, partner or partner will allow us to reconsider our own views on being, and eliminate the described problem.
Physical education also helps to stabilize the emotional state. In the process of exercising, serotonin is released, which is responsible for maintaining a positive attitude. In addition, the updated figure will also please its owner.
To stabilize emotions, it is recommended to pamper your own person. For example, you need to allow yourself tasty even when following a diet that prohibits the use of sweets. Coffee can negatively affect your mood, as excessive caffeine intake is alarming and increases your blood pressure. To normalize your mood, a hobby will help. Any hobby causes positive emotions. Therefore, it is worth surrendering to your beloved business, when sadness sharply rolled up. A hobby also copes with the negative effects of stressors.