Gambling is an analogue of addiction, a kind of malicious hobby, an excessive attraction to the game process. Nowadays, gambling addiction is considered one of the most common deviations, although it cannot be considered an ailment of the 21st century, since this type of addiction was known before, but practically could not be cured, since psychiatric science was undeveloped, and about psychology in those days heard at all. It affects human subjects of various age categories.
Gambling addiction is formed from a completely harmless passion for computer, network or gambling. This type of addiction differs from its counterparts: alcoholism and drug addiction, since it does not concern the physical health of the individual, but affects only emotions. Therefore, gambling is similar in manifestations to mental illness. In addition, gambling is complicated by the fact that in the initial phase it is almost impossible to identify this ailment, since it does not appear somatically.
Reasons for gambling addiction
The occurrence of gambling can be triggered by social factors and psychological reasons. The social conditionality of an ailment consists in the denial by the mass consciousness of such an ailment as gambling. After all, the game has long been considered a safe way to spend time, an innocent way to remove the effects of stressful influences and the ability to escape from pressing problems.
Computer gambling today poses a special danger, because parents independently and knowingly “plant” babies in various games. It’s easier. It is not necessary for little fidgets to pay attention after a hard day's work, while they are cutting into computer games, parents free time for themselves or at home. Today, most parents bought their children tablet computers, portable and conventional game consoles, so that the child had the opportunity to develop through games. While it is not known for certain what the described trend can lead to, but there is a risk to grow full-fledged gamers out of kids.
Another important condition is the incredible profitability of the gambling business, the profits of which are extremely high, as a result of which the owners of illegal casinos are ready to accept any violations of the current legislation. Hence, the problem of gambling becomes more acute, since such an attitude directly affects the growth of gambling among the population.
The psychological nature of gambling can be attributed to: a feeling of loneliness, dissatisfaction, a desire to win and break the jackpot, a predisposition to various kinds of addictions, and the presence of mental disorders.
A person is a social being, therefore, due to the feeling of loneliness, he seeks to somehow change his own being and free himself from loneliness or make up for the lack of impressions through the game. After all, the game is an interesting process that helps to plunge into the world of fantasies and unreal illusions, into a world where there is no place for loneliness, boredom and sadness, there are no problems in it. The game can be represented in the form of communication. It is due to the factors listed above that people return, time after time to the game and turn into gamers.
If an individual is dissatisfied with his own existence, then most likely he feels himself deeply unhappy. The feeling of dissatisfaction cannot last forever, so a person is looking for various compensatory paths leading to the game. After all, winning the game is much easier than in real life. In the gameplay, you can choose the level of difficulty, the hero, but in real life it is impossible to do. The more successful an individual is in a game, the greater will be the compensation for real failures, which leads to an increase in craving for the game.
The desire to win and break the jackpot is also a common reason leading to pulling into the gameplay. People do not understand that it is almost impossible to hit the jackpot in gambling. Thousands of human subjects play, but units win. Most individuals who waste their lives at the gaming table win occasionally on trifles, but lose on a big one. Each win, a sense of easy money draws them into the gambling pool more and more. In addition, the human body is designed so that any, even the smallest victory, leads to adrenaline rush, therefore, having won once, the individual wants to feel the surge of hormones again.
As a rule, any dependence is closely related to a predisposition to dependencies. It is believed that some individuals, due to genetic factors or physiological properties, are prone to various dependencies. At the same time, physiological factors and genetic predisposition extremely rarely become decisive.
In addition, scientists have found that individuals who suffer from any mental illness or are being treated for various psychopathologies are more prone to unhealthy drives, in particular gambling.
A separate reason contributing to the formation of gambling is considered sexual dissatisfaction. This is due to the production of the hormone "joy" during intimate contacts. Therefore, in the complete absence of intimate life or due to dissatisfaction with intimacy, the individual begins to look for a “substitute,” that is, he tries to compensate for the game.
Also, psychological immaturity, in other words, fixation in puberty or adolescence, can provoke the emergence of a pathological attraction to games. Basically, such a subject is simply not ready for adulthood, its problems, as a result of which it plunges into the game, replacing it with real joys and sorrows.
Gambling addiction, also called gambling addiction (in translation means a game for money) or unhealthy ludomania, gambling addiction is a computer disease. It is a fairly common pathological condition, characterized by an uncontrolled psychological dependence on all kinds of games, emotional deviations and a depressive state that arose due to mania.
In accordance with the international classifier of diseases, the defining sign of this ailment is the regular and repeated participation of the subject in the game. Gambling addiction is characterized by the speed of development and the onset of dependence, after which the individual is faced with difficult social consequences, such as: the destruction of family relations, contempt of society, impoverishment.
There is a widespread belief that all gamers are limited creatures, striving exclusively for easy profit. In fact, such a judgment is far from the truth. The main number of subjects suffering from the described disease are attributed by society to educated, active and talented individuals. Basically, players are people who have already achieved certain success in life or are striving for it.
The game directly for individuals is not only an opportunity for additional profit, but also one of the ways to relax, have fun and escape from a number of problems.
Gambling, as well as other types of addiction has specific signs. If loved ones have several of the following symptoms, then you need to sound the alarm.
The main signs of gambling addiction:
- the individual constantly thinks about the game, it seems to absorb all his thoughts, he recalls previous games and plans a future strategy, if the individual is addicted to gambling, he will be preoccupied with thoughts about finding money;
- during the game process, the subject feels the strongest excitement of the psyche, constantly increasing rates or moving to more complex levels;
- when a game is stopped due to, for example, a power outage or a rate limit, the gamer feels irritation, anxiety, anger;
- with the help of enthusiasm for the gameplay, a person seeks to drown out guilt or to get rid of loneliness or;
- the individual makes all kinds of attempts to win back or win;
- deceives relatives and the treating doctor, trying to conceal the real need for the game;
- the individual tries to downplay the importance of the game process for himself;
- may, for the sake of his own hobby, commit fraud, theft or embezzlement, for example, to improve the computer to be able to play more modern versions of games or to find money for gambling;
- the gamer does not stop the understanding that you can lose your career, spoil family relationships, lose your spouse and friends;
- Individuals with a passion for gambling constantly borrow money to pay for losses and the opportunity to recoup.
The problem of gambling goes through four stages. The first stage of gambling addiction is characterized by a periodic game and dreams of a big jackpot. A beginner, as a rule, does not raise bets, plays for small amounts, periodically winning, often winnings are large. Then the next phase begins - a series of losses. The individual begins to play and lose often. At this point, the gamer can quit his job in order to free up more time for the game, starts borrowing money and goes into debt. As a result, he can steal valuables from home and take them to a pawnshop. Now comes the turn of the phase of despair. At this stage, the player’s reputation is usually
completely spoiled, family relationships are destroyed, contacts with friends and other relatives are broken. The individual often feels remorse, but at the same time seeks to justify himself, putting the blame on the environment. It’s easier.
The gamer at this stage may be chased by panic attacks. In the third stage, a person is not able to overcome the pathological attraction on his own. The last stage is characterized by a sense of hopelessness. The individual feel hopeless. Excitement tightened it like a whirlpool. All his attempts to get out lead only to even greater cohesion in dependence. At this stage, thoughts of suicide arise, since only in it the gamer sees a way out. Problems with compliance with the law, addiction to alcohol, emotional collapse and signs of insanity are also likely.
A subject exposed to the described illness is not stopped by rapidly increasing debts, violation of physical health and disorder of mental state. In a similar state for an individual, the game turns into the most coveted, necessary “drug”.
Often, gambling in adolescents is of a different nature than in adults. Teenagers are predominantly addicted to computer games, not gambling. However, adults also often spend a lot of time in the virtual world, which negatively affects all aspects of social and personal life. Network games today almost captured humanity.
Gambling tanks (World of Tanks) or dependence on World of Warcraft (role-playing virtual game) is currently not uncommon. Many teenagers, as well as adults, play several virtual games in parallel, sitting at the computer for hours every day. Especially detrimental effect of online games on individuals in the puberty.
Gambling in adolescents is dangerous deterioration in the general mental state of the child. Symptoms of gambling addiction in adolescents are almost similar to signs of computer addiction. However, the latter deepens precisely the attraction to online games.
Computer gambling at puberty is characterized by a waste of time and money, but in addition it is dangerous in that children are often simply “sucked” by virtual reality, as a result of which they simply cease to live in reality. The fake reality contained in the plot of the games forces the gamer teenager to unconsciously change their own attitudes and outlook on life. This can cause very sad consequences, for example, suicidal attempts.
Symptoms of gambling addiction
The following symptoms of gambling in particular and computer addiction in general are distinguished:
- loss of control over the subject of attraction - an increase in the time spent in the virtual world or at the computer;
- lack of control over the spheres of life and social aspects;
- the emergence of the so-called "tunneling" mental activity - an obsessive thought (craving for games) that dominates consciousness, similar to a drug;
- a teenager denies the presence of addiction and turns away from help;
- if it is impossible to immediately plunge into the game world, the teenager becomes aggressive, irritable, hostile, in rare cases, he can close and become apathetic to everything.
Due to the enthusiasm for online games, children have problems in learning activities, they fail exams and quizzes. In addition, the game has a detrimental effect not only on the social sphere of the teenager’s life, but also on the personal aspects and mental processes.
Gambling forces an individual to interrupt, postponing the game process, only to satisfy physical needs in a minimal amount. Simply put, gamers do not have time for a full meal and sleep, rest, or walk. The gamer begins to relate to all physiological and other needs as an unnecessary waste of time. They only distract him from the main and most important, interesting sphere of life - the game. Even in rare periods of sleep, the dependent subject is in the virtual world.
Symptoms of gambling addiction - loss of vision, impaired functioning of the digestive system, weakened muscles, problems with the spinal column - and this is only a small fraction of the negative effects of virtual gambling. The psyche of the individual suffers more than his body. The gamer is characterized by inadequate behavior, with each passing day it becomes increasingly difficult to distinguish reality from the virtual environment. At the same time, reality begins to provoke negative associations in a person, since in reality he does not have super abilities endowed in the game, especially if everything goes downhill in real life. In the virtual world, a player is rich and strong, handsome, or often even perfect. In addition, he can have a status and a high position in the game, as a result of which many players are simply eager to communicate with him. Avid players increasingly have an obsessive thought in their minds: “why do we need reality at all”. The result of this is a vicious circle: short intervals between games only increase the player’s desire to play, to hide from pressing problems, an unfavorable environment, daily duties, and imperfection of the human body.
It should be understood that gambling computer disease does not grow out of nothing. Of course, there are a certain number of people who easily fall into any pathological dependence. However, the key basis for the emergence of an unhealthy craving for something is the various problems that are relevant to the teenager now. After all, he is just beginning to enter adulthood. Due to youthful maximalism for a teenager, any “stumbling blocks” on a life road seem almost the end of the world. Therefore, the fragile teenage mind transfers its harsh and uninteresting reality to the extraordinary world of dreams, where dreams come true, and he is a superhero.
How to get rid of gambling addiction? Advice to parents is basically similar to recommendations that are given to relatives with any type of addiction, regardless of age group. In the first turn, if the problem still confronted the parents, then you do not need to close your eyes to it. The sooner you start work on ridding your child of addiction, the faster the result will come and the unhealthy hobby will cause less harm. After all, no one will help the child except his parents. During heart-to-heart conversations with a teenager, one does not need to put pressure on him, blame him, or shame him. Since such actions can only push the child away and force him to withdraw into himself or provoke aggression.
To get rid of gambling addiction, for example, such as: gambling addiction tanks, the surest decision will be to persuade the teenager to talk with a psychologist. In addition, support from the closest relatives and peers is very important for children. If a teenager feels participation and support, then he will cope with trouble much faster and easier.
Gambling addiction treatment
The factor underlying the need for the treatment of gambling is the presence of emotional reinforcement of addiction. People looking for the answer to the question: how to treat gambling addiction, you need to understand that there will be no fleeting rid of addiction. It is necessary to initially tune in to both the gamer himself and his close circle. So, to get rid of unhealthy cravings from close relatives and directly from a dependent individual, perseverance and patience will be required, which, combined with complex and lengthy treatment, will lead to getting rid of this serious condition. Complete release from gambling is associated with the restoration of the normal functioning of mental processes and the subsequent reassessment of the gamer's life values, a change in the habitual way of life.
How to get rid of gambling addiction? You should try to distract the gamer from the game by any means, for example, the child can be offered a reward for doing some kind of homework, role-playing intimate games can be arranged for the spouse. A delicious dinner, an interesting film are also elements that contribute to distraction from addiction. In addition, you can organize some exciting trip or travel out of town.
Frequent conversations about the future, money and career growth should not be neglected, and conversations about the meaninglessness of games should be avoided. Regularity of repetition will help to form a negative outlook on the game, which in the future will make the gameplay not so entertaining, pleasant and addictive. With people caught in the game of "bondage", you need to talk as often as possible. It is necessary to arouse in them an interest in real life.
How to treat gambling addiction? In the first turn, it is recommended to socialize a person, that is, return him to normal life. With a mild illness or in the early stages of the emergence of a harmful attachment to the gameplay, treatment can be done by relatives or friends on their own. To do this, you just need to fill the entire time of the gamer. In other words, you have to fill it all day so that there is no time left for the game.
In difficult cases, a therapeutic course is needed in a specialized psychiatric clinic using drug therapy. However, today drugs that relieve gambling addiction do not exist. Specialized institutions use an integrated approach, which includes internal spiritual work, medicines (antidepressants), and targeted psychological assistance.
The main method aimed at the treatment of gambling is individual psychotherapy, which can be equally successfully practiced both in a hospital and on an outpatient basis. Today, rational psychotherapy focused on the mind, based on explanation and proof, is considered the fastest and most effective method of treating gambling addiction. Actually this method contributes to the restructuring of the irrational mental activity of the gamer, changing his attitude to computer or gambling, returning to him the ability to find a reasonable solution to everyday problems.
In order to consolidate the attitude toward absolute renunciation of games, psychotherapeutic methods based on methods of suggestion and self-hypnosis are used. Specific techniques and medications can correct the psychological state of the gamer and increase his own control over unhealthy attraction.
Combined therapy is aimed at blocking the game dominant, it helps release the dependent individual from the so-called “hypnotic” effects of the game, forms indifference to the game process, restores the adequate functioning of mental processes and mental state.