Deep depression is a complex mental disorder that occurs due to a variety of factors. At the present stage, severe depression of affect and disorders of self-consciousness, detailed signs of vitality, autonomic manifestations, as well as psychomotor disorders are classified as deep depression. The depth of symptoms is limited by social functioning, including the inability to satisfy everyday biological needs.
Scientists have noticed that every fifth person is able to experience depression, regardless of financial, social status, as well as gender and age. With prolonged signs, you should seek help from a specialist who will prescribe treatment. The early forms of the disease can be cured on their own by resorting to standard methods, but a very deep depression needs the close attention of specialists.
Deep Cause Depression
The causes of deep depression are divided into psychological and physiological. Psychological causes include stress, mental trauma (physical abuse, death of loved ones, presence in disasters). This condition disappears after two months, but in the absence of help, it is delayed and turns into a deep one.
Stresses include long-term troubles, and traumatic troubles that unexpectedly surfaced from childhood are related to old injuries.
The next reason for the occurrence of deep depression is frustration (futile expectation, deception, failure, frustration of designs).
This is followed by an existential crisis, which leads to the fact that a person loses meaning, life goals, as well as a sense of harmony.
Under physiological causes, overwork, cerebral circulatory failure, exhaustion; poisoning with alcohol, drugs, drugs; strokes, menopause, traumatic brain injuries, irregular sex life, hormonal diseases, lack of motor activity, malnutrition, diseases of the internal organs, hypovitaminosis, defects of the mediator system.
Often, a depressive state is provoked in the complex for several reasons. All reasons should be taken into account, since success in treatment will directly depend on this.
Deep Depression Symptoms
Symptoms of deep depression: loss of pleasure, decreased mood, loss of interest, increased fatigue, decreased activity, decreased energy, reduced ability to concentrate, lack of confidence, low self-esteem, ideas of self-humiliation and guilt, a gloomy and pessimistic vision of the future; sleep disturbance, suicidal tendencies, decreased appetite.
The main symptoms of deep depression include a person’s daily depressive mood, loss of interest in previous activities, as well as the ability to think, concentrate on something; indecision, lethargy, loss of libido, change in psychomotor activity.
Manifestations of severity, as well as vitalization, are aggravated by somatic syndrome: loss of interest in previously interested activities, as well as loss of ability to enjoy it; lack of reaction to actions and events; waking up in the morning a few hours earlier; increased depression in the morning; the occurrence of psychomotor inhibition, as well as agitation; a decrease in appetite, a decrease in body weight by 5%; loss of libido.
Deep Depression Signs
Mental disorder is characterized by a significant difficulty in communication, homework, self-care, inherent psychomotor inhibition or agitation. However, the patient critically assesses his condition, realizes the painful nature of these disorders. The sick person is able to independently participate in medical and rehabilitation measures.
Deep depression with psychomotor retardation is noted by the objective, bodily, nature of vital experiences with the sensation of a stone in the chest.
Deep depressive stupor is marked by complete inhibition with mutism and emotional expression of sorrow.
Melancholic raptus is noted for a deep longing in the morning with characteristic bursts of motor excitement close to auto-aggression and catatonic impulsivity. Agitated depression is characterized by monotonous lamentations with sharp fussiness, pleas for help, and demonstratively pathetic wringing of hands.
Depressive-delusional syndrome is noted by a combination of a depressive state with delusions of self-incrimination, guilt, self-abasement, hypochondriacal delirium.
Depressive-hallucinatory syndrome is noted by a combination of a depressive state with hallucinosis , in which voices are heard that scold and blame the patient.
Deep Depression Treatment
If a person has experienced deep depression, then he should distract himself from the reasons that provoked this problem, to occupy himself with something (sports, walks, trips).
A deep form of depression is effectively treated by a pet that will give love, warmth and affection. Music therapy also helps in the fight against the disease. There are special musical compositions that allow you to find a way out of a deep depressive state. It is very difficult to fight the disorder on your own, so you should take help from acquaintances, loved ones, and especially doctors.
Deep depression - what to do?
The deep form of depression can be weakened with the help of "anti-stress" vitamins. Vitamin A, which is found in pumpkin, carrots, has proven itself perfectly; vitamin B found in yogurt, fish, cereals; Vitamin C found in kiwi, oranges, black currants.
Deep depression in pregnant women can lead to miscarriage, for this reason, expectant mothers need to carefully listen to themselves and their condition. Deep depression can provoke negative consequences, a person turns into an anxious, experiencing manic fear of the individual.
Deep depression and its treatment includes methods of biological therapy. Currently, the disease has a high prevalence, as well as life-threatening, serious consequences. The course of the disease with its serious complications is a significant suicidal danger. Therapy includes complex complex treatment with phased use of anti-resistant special measures.
An important task is the assessment of the prognosis of deep depression after a clinical and psychopathological analysis of the course and structure of the disease. Difficulties in the treatment of such patients are represented by supporting outpatient therapy, which is aimed at reducing the severity of the depressive state, as well as reducing the duration of the current episode, and preventing relapses and exacerbations.
Only complex treatment using different drugs and non-drug therapy is effective. Inevitable will be the use of treatment with a high therapeutic effect, but poorly tolerated (antipsychotics, tricyclic antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy). As a rule, a deep depressive state has a protracted course. Having eliminated the serious condition, further treatment remains an important problem. In this case, supportive therapy is needed to prevent exacerbation, as well as preventive treatment to prevent relapse.
The following groups of antidepressants are used in treatment:
- Tricyclic antidepressants (Melipramine, Clomipramine, Amitriptyline) inhibit the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine, affect muscarinic receptors and cause cholinolytic effects.
- Atypical and heterocyclic antidepressants (Maprotiline, Surmontil, Mianserin) affect alpha-adrenergic receptors, serotonin and norepinephrine.
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (Fluvoxamine, Fluoxetine, Sertraline, Paroxetine, Citalopram, Cipralex).
- Serotonergic and noradrenergic antidepressants (Ixel and Venlafaxine).
- Noradrenergic antidepressants (Coaxil).
- Antidepressants of the NASA group (Mirtazapine), affecting postsynaptic serotonergic and noradrenergic receptors.
- Dopaminergic antidepressants (bupropion) are able to increase the concentration of dopamine.
- MAO inhibitors of irreversible action (Iprazide, Nialamide, Phenelzin) reduce the activity of monoamine oxidase.
- MAO inhibitors of reversible action (Befol, Moclobemide) inhibiting monoamine oxidase.
- Melatonergic antidepressants (Melitor) affecting the M1, M2 receptors of the suprachiasmatic nucleus.