Erythrophobia is the fear of reddening when an individual is in society. The type of phobic disorder in question is often confused with blushing syndrome, which fear does not accompany. This distinguishes it from erythrophobia. The fear of overheating in the presence of outsiders is psychological in nature. This phobia is more susceptible to the daughter of Eve because of her high emotionality. However, the sons of Adam did not pass this fate.
The problem of erythrophobia is the most urgent for people who have to maintain a lot of social contacts, often speak or visit the public. The constant fear of blushing gives rise to insecurity, which in turn leads to stressful conditions, neurosis , the desire to avoid crowding, which adversely affects activities.
Erythrophobia - what is it?
Human subjects are constantly exposed to all kinds of fears, among which the majority are “invented” by the people themselves, since they do not carry real justification under themselves, but arise and mature within the individual. These causeless fears are called phobias. Uncontrolled fears greatly complicate the existence of individuals , in some severely neglected cases they can even make life unbearable.
Among the mass of variations of phobic disorders, erythrophobia is distinguished, which is a pathological fear of becoming red in the presence of a certain subject, group of individuals or a large audience. It manifests itself externally with uniform “coloring” of the face and the appearance of limited red spots on it. Redness of the neck and ears may also join.
Redness of the dermis of the face is considered a physiological manifestation that occurs as a result of intense physical exertion, during emotional outbursts, as a result of drinking alcohol-containing liquids, hot food or drinks, in a stressful situation, due to fright or strong excitement. However, in individuals, this reaction causes irrational fear. In the type of phobic disorder under consideration, all of the above factors are perceived inadequately by the individual, cause discomfort and force one to fear even the slightest likelihood of such a development of events. Therefore, many individuals are so interested in the topic: "erythrophobia - treatment at home."
The considered variation of irrational fear is more often observed in individuals with increased activity of the sympathetic chains of the nerve ganglia of the vegetative segment, which is more common in individuals with a choleric type , when an increased response to surrounding stimuli is a normal variant.
Since erythrophobia has no physiological basis for nucleation, official medical science does not define it as an ailment. This problem is of a psychological nature, and therefore everyone who is interested in how to get rid of erythrophobia needs to understand that a competent psychotherapist will help to cope with this scourge.
It should also be understood that by letting the flow of the described phobia drift, the individual risks acquiring a number of adverse consequences, such as:
- the formation of uncertainty, feelings of inferiority;
- Absolute refusal to deal with difficult everyday situations and the desire to move forward;
- a tendency to remain silent about one’s own opinion, judgment, even when one is sure that he is right;
- preference for low-skilled professions that do not require interaction with colleagues or other people;
- the presence of persistent dissatisfaction due to the inability to implement acquired skills, abilities, accumulated knowledge;
- refusal of career growth;
- the formation of social phobia , expressed in complete detachment from interaction with society, the development of autonomic neurosis and depressive moods.
Also sometimes there is a feeling of hopelessness, forcing subjects to think about suicide .
Causes of erythrophobia
Often, suddenly a reddened person causes a feeling of tenderness and a kind smile among others. However, many individuals who are characterized by redness of the skin as a physiological reaction to stimuli either from outside or from an internal origin shy away from their peculiarity and are ashamed of it, as a result of which they try to avoid strangers.
In order to find out how to get rid of erythrophobia and whether it is possible to treat erythrophobia at home, it is necessary to determine the factors that contributed to the occurrence of the considered variety of phobic disorder.
The more commonly described phobia is psychological in nature. For example, babies who were overly shy in childhood, whose actions were not encouraged by their parents, become erythrophobic adults. In addition, the formation of the phobia under consideration can be caused by carcinoid syndrome (hormones secreted by tumor formations), hormonal failure, menopause, the use of a number of pharmacopeia drugs, constant stressors, depressive states, disorders that cause dysfunctions of the nervous system, pathologies of the structure of capillaries, negative environmental influences, allergic reactions to cosmetic or food products.
In addition to the listed specialists, there are several more factors provoking the onset of erythrophobia. The appearance of redness of the epidermis is characterized by a direct relationship with capillaries, expanding due to the influence of the autonomic system. However, scientists failed to establish the reason for such an impact of the vegetative system.
Some individuals blush when they seek to conceal something or to deceive someone. Dependence is gradually developed on the subconscious , causing the relationship of external circumstances with a human trait to blush. As a result of this, the subject begins to shun people, social activities.
The hypoderm of the facial region is most enriched in small capillaries, so even a slight increase in their blood supply becomes noticeable externally.
How to cure erythrophobia? There are several methods, since the considered phobia is characterized by an individual course, then therapy should be selective.
Diagnosis of the considered variety of phobia is not difficult. To identify it, a set of manifestations is enough. Upon examination, the therapist tries to cause redness of the facial region of the individual by emotional impact, after which he analyzes his behavioral reactions.
So how to cure erythrophobia? The following are the basic techniques used to correct the condition. First of all, various relaxation methods are practiced, consisting in the use of psychoanalytic techniques and physical techniques aimed at reducing nervous tension and preventing acute episodes of phobia (yoga, breathing exercises, self-hypnosis). The main goal of the applied methods is to increase confidence, self-sufficiency, self-esteem.
As psychotherapeutic methods, a cognitive-behavioral approach and hypnotechnics are used, which, like the methods described above, in the body do not alter the course of physiological processes, but generate transformations in relation to their own particularities.
Drug therapy involves the use of pharmacopeia drugs used for any variation of phobic disorders, namely sedatives, antidepressants, substances whose action is aimed at blocking the effect of nervous system excitation.
In addition to the above methods, surgical intervention is also used. A sympathoectomy is performed, which consists in blocking the sympathetic chains that innervate the capillaries of the facial region. The technique under consideration is effective in the classic course of redness, that is, when redness spreads over the entire surface of the face. With local redness, when only the skin on one side of the face turns red or only a separate area on the face, surgical treatment is inappropriate.
Also successfully used: phyto- and balneotherapy, all kinds of massages, acupuncture, physiotherapy. In addition to using various techniques, it is often necessary to correct the diet.