Ergophobia is a fear of work, the implementation of any targeted actions that require special skills, abilities, knowledge and diligence. Many people call this laziness, but this is far from the case. This is an irrational chronic fear of work. Ergofobes feel anxiety about work and everything that is somehow interconnected with it.
Ergophobia can combine several phobias, for example: glossophobia (fear of public speaking), atihiphobiya (fear of failure), sociophobia (fear of performing social actions or public actions). Ergophobia is also called ergosiophobia, which is translated from Greek as work and fear (“ergon” - work, “phobos” - fear).
Ergophobia is a reckless, suppressing fear of work. A person suffering from ergophobia is afraid that he is not at all capable of work, the performance of official duties, job descriptions. Such a person is often characterized by intolerance to his own failures at work. Some are afraid of checks or meetings at work. They usually share their fear with colleagues. Fear of work, like any other type of phobia, just drives a person crazy. He is in constant tension due to a sense of fear, fear of losing control and not controlling the situation.
At the heart of any irrational, reckless fear is always strong emotions. However, in the case of ergophobia, emotions are always negative, as they are the cause of unconscious fear. The causes of ergophobia, as a rule, can be: strong feelings of the individual before the upcoming case, for example, before an interview at employment. To reduce anxiety and minimize it, you need to start by looking for any information about upcoming work. Since, realizing the practically obtained information, the individual feels much more confident. After a certain period of time, any person, even an ergophobe, working in a new place, will begin to consider himself a professional, and will not be afraid to conduct experiments related to his work.
A person suffering from ergophobia is constantly afraid that nothing will work out for him and the work will remain unfinished. He thinks that he can upset everything, ruin everything, that someone will have to redo all the work for him first. If failures in professional activity haunt the ergophobe relentlessly, then he thinks that he is doomed to failure, and will not even try to change or take something in order to turn things around. So, for example, an ergophobe will not try his abilities and skills in another direction. In situations where the individual constantly analyzes the failures that arose earlier, but does nothing, then most likely he will develop ergophobia. In some cases, frequent checks or commissions at work may cause ergophobia.
The cause of ergophobia can occur from childhood if one of the parents had a similar phobia. Parents can infect their children with their phobias.
Another cause of ergophobia is various injuries, moreover, received during work. Injury can be physical or mental. For example, a person working in a factory caused himself a serious injury with a machine tool. In principle, injury at work is not uncommon. The whole problem is that each individual reacts completely differently to seemingly similar things or situations. Some after injury will become more cautious, and some - on the contrary, quit work. This is precisely the category of people that becomes the first candidates for the acquisition of ergophobia.
Also, people at work can suffer from insults, humiliations, excessive employment, due to non-standard work. In addition, ergophobia can occur due to a lack of knowledge and skills, as a result of which a person begins to fear that he will not be able to cope with the work entrusted to him. Basically, ergophobia affects shy individuals who are very anxious in a situation where they need to help colleagues at work.
Even if there is no apparent reason for the occurrence of irrational phobia, an individual may feel anxiety, anxiety and emotional turmoil, undermining his ability to function normally.
Often, the cause of unconscious fear of work may be dismissal. If a person was previously fired, then he may have difficulty finding a new job, due to fear of being kicked out again.
Often the cause of fear can be boring work. If the subject began his labor activity with uninteresting, boring, monotonous work, then he may have a stereotype that any work will be boring.
Fear of work is always quite noticeable to others. To hide such an irrational, unconscious fear is almost impossible for an individual, since his attitude to work becomes obvious. However, exacerbation of ergophobia and the appearance of panic attacks are not so common. The subject can secretly experience fear, torment and suffer, but at the same time meticulously perform his duties. However, if a person suffering from ergophobia is suddenly summoned to the authorities, even if the reason is insignificant or to entrust a new case, which for him will seem rather complicated and troublesome, then manifestations of all signs of fears that are typical for phobias cannot be ruled out.
The most common symptoms of ergophobia include a number of specific signs. Ergophobe, experiencing fear, begins to sweat intensely, nausea occurs, the heart rate accelerates, weakness and trembling of the extremities appear. Also, often dizziness, redness of the skin, a sharp deterioration in well-being are noted.
In addition to symptoms from physiology, mental manifestations are also observed. To an individual subject to ergophobia, it begins to seem that something terrible, terrible is about to happen. From a sense of fear, he completely loses control of himself, self-control. From the side, it seems that such a person behaves simply inadequately.
And although the attacks of panic disorder are short-lived, they have a rather serious effect on the individual's body. Therefore, if ergophobia is ignored, then after a certain period of time more pronounced mental disorders may appear. However, by turning in time for psychotherapeutic help, one can avoid the dangerous consequences of panic fear. Moreover, at present, such mental disorders are completely cured.
So, in people suffering from ergophobia, the following symptoms may occur:
- increased heart rate;
- increased sweating;
- tremor of limbs;
- discomfort in the abdomen;
- a feeling of immobility (numbness) or strong lightness throughout the body;
- fainting condition;
Hot flashes or chills;
- fear of losing control.
Fear as a basic emotion is easier when compared to anxiety; it always has an object. For example, agoraphobes are afraid of open space, ergophobes - of work and everything related to the implementation of targeted actions. Those. there is a specific reason for fear, but anxiety has no such reason. It can often be expressed in irritation, which came from nowhere. Anxiety can cause a sense of disgust before something, hatred of someone, unmotivated unreasonable strong emotions. Fear is closely associated with danger to the human body, and anxiety is associated with a threat to the individual.
Fear is a protective mechanism and performs a positive function at its core. He makes people more careful and prudent. However, this is precisely the emotion that people would least like to experience. The very experience of a feeling of fear scares a person.
Anxiety causes a search reaction - I am afraid of something, I want something, etc. As a result, a flurry of more specific emotions appears. In a state of anxiety, the subject experiences a whole range of emotions: different types of fear, guilt, anger, shame, etc. A person cannot always understand what is the cause of these emotions. He cannot restrain them, since he believes that certain circumstances preceded these emotions. Such emotions are a protection against anxiety. However, from such emotions a person is inclined to fence himself off. It forces them into the subconscious, which leads to stressful conditions. All these emotions affect the interaction of the individual with others, on his relationships, thoughts, actions, perception, behavior and, as a consequence, on the somatic state.
Therefore, in the treatment of various phobias, it is impossible to drive fear into the subconscious mind and fight it with forceful methods. Treatment should be aimed at making the person aware of fear, understand what causes him anxiety.
There are many treatments for ergophobia. These include: drug therapy, methods of psychoanalysis, cognitive-behavioral therapy, various auto-training, visualization techniques, meditation, relaxation, etc.
From the perspective of psychoanalysis, any phobia is an expression of the conflict that is hidden in the subconscious of the individual. Therefore, they do not treat phobia, but try to identify the conflict itself, which is the root cause. The main tools for detecting such conflicts are: interpretation of dreams, analysis of the doctor’s conversation with the patient. In cases of detection of internal conflict, the patient tries on him and the phobia goes away. Some psychotherapists suggest that the patient himself consciously do what he is most afraid of and use this method to overcome this emotion.
Behavioral therapy is designed to alleviate fear in patients or to completely eliminate it. Often the method of systemic desensitization is used, which is combined with the deepest muscle relaxation. It consists in completely relaxing the patient and modeling several situations that provoke panic fear in him. This method uses the principle of habituation (habituation). A lot of research confirms the fact that this method is a fairly effective therapeutic technique.
Another method of behavioral psychotherapy is the technique of teaching the patient not to be afraid of their ergophobia. It is based on the principle of clarity. The patient observes various scenes from real life, watches films, and understands that the object that provokes panic fear in him does not cause such emotions and fears in others.
Gradual overcoming of fear is also one of the methods of cognitive therapy. It consists in the gradual approach of the patient to the cause of the experience. For any effort on the part of the patient, he is encouraged and praised. In conclusion, we can conclude that the main principle of the listed methods of behavioral therapy is the search for danger in order to ensure safety.
To mitigate the manifestation of anxiety, acute phobic conditions, drug therapy is used as a non-essential therapeutic agent. In any case, it is not recommended to be limited only to treatment with drugs, since when you stop taking the drugs, ergophobia will return again. Also, drugs are addictive.
Any phobias should not be suppressed. If they are, then we need them for something! In the fight against ergophobia, first of all, you need to realize your fear, admit to yourself that it is, accept it and try to learn how to live with it. It should not be driven deep into the subconscious, but it cannot be poked. Do not give fears the opportunity to control your life!